A New Dimension at the LHC

first_img The hunt for hot nuclear matter (PhysOrg.com) — Later this year, the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider near Geneva, Switzerland, will begin operating, sending beams of protons hurling around circular tracks in opposite directions at nearly light-speed and then forcing them to collide, producing a spray of energy and matter. Explore further Scientists’ hopes are high for the LHC, with many yearning that its detectors will record evidence of undiscovered theorized particles and new physics. In that respect, a group of physicists considers a new possible discovery: a new dimension. At the LHC, the proton collisions will be powerful enough to probe incredibly minute size scales, perhaps minute enough to open a tiny new dimension.”While the LHC may uncover what appears to be an extra dimension, it could really be a hologram of some more complicated physics theory,” said physicist Veronica Sanz of Boston Univeristy and York University in Ontario, Canada, to PhysOrg.com. Sanz is one of three physicists involved in the study.By “hologram,” Sanz and her colleagues aren’t referring to a flat image that appears three dimensional. Rather, in the context of particle physics, holography imagines an extra dimension to handle the calculations of strongly interacting systems, like LHC collisions. Added physicist Adam Martin of Yale University, “LHC could discover a new type of strong interactions wildly different from the strong nuclear force we already know from the Standard Model.”The strong nuclear force is one of the four fundamental physics forces and is what keeps atomic nuclei together, mediated by gluons. The other three forces are the electromagnetic, gravitational, and weak forces. The strong, weak, and EM forces, and the particles that experience them, are all described by a sweeping physics theory known as the Standard Model (gravity is ignored because it is so weak by comparison).But the Standard Model isn’t quite complete: One particle, the proposed “Higgs boson,” has yet to be discovered. It is the missing piece of the Standard Model and perhaps the “Holy Grail” of LHC results. If found, it could tell scientists about the origins of mass itself, and why matter can be made of elementary particles that are essentially massless. The Higgs, they think, is responsible for assigning masses to those elementary particles.But the Higgs may not exist, or may not be found. And if not, Standard Model calculations become unwieldy, as only with the Higgs do the calculations make sense. But a new physical dimension, if only an imaginary one, could make such calculations easier.”For all we know, extra dimensions may be nature’s way of computing the masses of particles,” says the study’s corresponding scientist, Yale University physicist Johannes Hirn.This research is published in the May 23, 2008, online edition of the Journal of High Energy Physics.Citation: Johannes Hirn et al JHEP 05 (2008) 084Copyright 2008 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com.center_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: A ‘New Dimension’ at the LHC (2008, July 22) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2008-07-dimension-lhc.htmllast_img read more

Wingless ants glide to safety steering with their hind legs w Video

first_img Vertical perspective of a typical ant trajectory toward a fixed target surface (indicated by the heavy dark line) showing how θright and γ were measured (θleft omitted for clarity). The relative lengths of the legs and body are drawn to scale, whereas proportional dimensions of individual leg and body segments are approximate. Scientists: Ants have internal pedometer Citation: Wingless ants glide to safety steering with their hind legs (w/ Video) (2010, March 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-03-wingless-ants-glide-safety-hind.html The arboreal ants jump from the safety of the tree if threatened by birds or lizards, and they sometimes fall from the tree in windy conditions or in tropical storms. Researchers working at the US Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute on Barro Colorado Island in the Panama canal have found the ants glide back to the tree by flipping in mid-air and gliding backwards, seeing where they are going by looking between their legs, and steering using their unusually long hind legs. The elongated rear legs of the centimeter-long ants also help them latch onto the tree when landing. Lateral (top) and dorsal (bottom) aspects of the terminal segments of the hindlegs of a Cephalotes atratus worker showing the laterally flattened first hind tarsomere. Scale bar = 1 mm. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Leader of the research team, Stephan Yanoviak of the University of Arkansas at Little Rock, said it was important for the ants to avoid falling to the leaf litter on the ground or into water because they would most likely be eaten. Their gliding abilities allow them to steer back to the tree (usually the tree they fell from), and then climb back up to the safety of the nests built into the branches and trunk at the top of the trees.The study also learned that if the ants are attacked by predators they release an alarm pheromone that warns nearby ants to jump off the tree to safety.Yanoviak said studying the ant’s control of its fall is relevant to understanding the behavior, and also the flight of insects generally. The study is published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Play This video shows a control drop (to indicate a straight fall) followed by three different C. atratus workers. Ant #4 exhibits a typical controlled descent. It starts to head away from the tree, but then makes a quick 180-degree turn and glides to the trunk. Ant #5 makes a nice recovery from a tumbling fall. Ant #6 was caught by an unexpected breeze coming from the top right of the screen, but was able to adjust its descent in the form of a long curving glide that ends on the leeward side of the tree. Credit: Stephan Yanoviak. The scientists studied the ants by collecting some ants and painting them with white nail polish to make them easier to spot. They plucked one or two legs off some of the ants, then climbed to the top of the trees and dropped the ants from the treetops and videoed their fall. They then verified their findings in the laboratory, where they used a high-speed video camera. The results showed the ants could still glide back to the tree even if both rear legs were removed, but they were not able to steer as well. Intact ants were able to land on a tree trunk over 90 percent of the time; ants with the mid legs removed succeeded less than 70 percent of the time, but in those with hind legs removed the success rate was reduced to about 40 percent. Explore further More information: Aerial manoeuvrability in wingless gliding ants (Cephalotes atratus), Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Published online before print March 17, 2010, doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.0170 (PhysOrg.com) — The tree-dwelling tropical ants Cephalotes atratus build their nests in tall trees, but launch themselves into the air when threatened by predators. Scientists studying these wingless ants have discovered they use their rear legs as rudders to guide them back to the tree. PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

New nanowire transistors may help keep Moores Law alive

first_img Explore further In their search to find new ways to cram more electronics onto the same size chips, researchers have turned to FETs. Transistors on chips are the parts that control the flow of electricity—figuring out a way to make them smaller is a vital part of keeping Moore’s Law alive. One way to do this is to do away with wires and instead use nanowires. However, because of their small size, nanowires aren’t capable of carrying enough current to do the work necessary on a chip. To get around that, researchers have tried creating bundles of nanowires; but thus far, the gates to control them have been too unwieldy. In this new effort, the researchers tried a different approach.First they created a forest of 225 nanowires by etching a slab of silicon—the bottom half of each nanowire is submersed in a material that serves as a source. Just up from that base, the researchers applied a chromium layer wrapped all the way around the nanowire to serve as the gate. Above that was another layer of material that serves as the sink. This simple design allows each nanowire to be controlled by its individual gate, and the researchers report the thickness of the gate is what makes it all work. At 14nm, the gate can be made short enough to continue to allow for the control of the current. The result is a transistor that thus far appears to be a workable way for increasingly more circuitry to be added to a computer chip. More information: Vertical nanowire array-based field effect transistors for ultimate scaling, Nanoscale, 2013,5, 2437-2441. DOI: 10.1039/C3NR33738CAbstractNanowire-based field-effect transistors are among the most promising means of overcoming the limits of today’s planar silicon electronic devices, in part because of their suitability for gate-all-around architectures, which provide perfect electrostatic control and facilitate further reductions in “ultimate” transistor size while maintaining low leakage currents. However, an architecture combining a scalable and reproducible structure with good electrical performance has yet to be demonstrated. Here, we report a high performance field-effect transistor implemented on massively parallel dense vertical nanowire arrays with silicided source/drain contacts and scaled metallic gate length fabricated using a simple process. The proposed architecture offers several advantages including better immunity to short channel effects, reduction of device-to-device variability, and nanometer gate length patterning without the need for high-resolution lithography. These benefits are important in the large-scale manufacture of low-power transistors and memory devices.via IEEE Spectrum Journal information: Nanoscale (Phys.org) —Two French researchers, Guilhem Larrieu and Xiang‑Lei Han, may have succeeded in possibly setting back the date to which Moore’s Law would no longer apply by creating a new kind of nanowire Field-Effect Transistor (FET). In their paper published in the journal Nanoscale, the two describe how they built a “gate-all-around” made of 225 nanowires, each with its own 14nm-thick chromium layer that serves as a gate. Top surface topography of the low-k dielectric layer that covers the Si NW array using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). Credit: Nanoscale, 2013,5, 2437-2441. Should the new design pan out, it won’t keep Moore’s Law alive forever, of course. One day, researchers will reach a point where it’s no longer possible—due to the laws of physics—to add more processing power to a computer chip. As such, new research will necessarily be focused on ways to build smarter computers using different ideas, rather than new materials.center_img © 2013 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: New nanowire transistors may help keep Moore’s Law alive (2013, May 2) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-05-nanowire-transistors-law-alive.html Credit: Nanoscale, 2013,5, 2437-2441. New design reduces the areal footprint of nanowire transistors by a factor of twolast_img read more

A way to use water to convert methane into methanol

first_img Methane has been identified as a greenhouse gas, one that is perhaps more of a problem even than carbon dioxide because it traps more heat (some studies have suggested 25 times as much)—fortunately, not nearly as much of it is emitted by humans into the atmosphere. It makes its way into the atmosphere due to animal flatulence and some industrial processes. It is also a byproduct at gas wells, where it is generally burned.Methanol, on the other hand, has been considered a good alternative to gasoline for use in automobile engines. It is currently made using a variety of techniques and basic materials including coal, natural gas and even municipal waste. One approach is to use high-pressure and high-temperature oxidation of the gas, but most consider such methods too technically challenging to use in places such as drilling sites. In this new effort, the researchers describe a simpler way to make methanol using water (as an oxidant instead of oxygen) and methane.In their process, water is used to oxidize methane over a bed of copper containing zeolite—the unique structure of the mineral lets the water behave as an oxidant. The team claims the process is 97 percent efficient, emitting only methanol and hydrogen. The method, the researchers note, is simple and easy enough that it could be used at drilling sites and the resulting methanol could be used as a liquid fuel or as an ingredient in making resins or plastics. The hydrogen could be used in any number of ways, including in fuel cells.The researchers acknowledge that their work was a proof-of-concept study, which means that it is still not clear if their technique could be modified to convert methane on a very large scale in a cost-efficient manner. (Phys.org)—A team of researchers from the Paul Scherrer Institut and ETH Zurich, both in Switzerland, has developed a one-step process that uses water to convert methane to methanol. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group describes their technique, noting that in addition to offering a simple and relatively cheap way to make methanol, the only other byproduct is hydrogen. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: A way to use water to convert methane into methanol (2017, May 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-05-methane-methanol.html Using platinum-molybdenum carbide to catalytically release hydrogen to power a fuel cell © 2017 Phys.orgcenter_img Explore further Journal information: Science Ball and stick model of methane. Credit: Ben Mills/Public Domain More information: Vitaly L. Sushkevich et al. Selective anaerobic oxidation of methane enables direct synthesis of methanol, Science (2017). DOI: 10.1126/science.aam9035AbstractDirect functionalization of methane in natural gas remains a key challenge. We present a direct stepwise method for converting methane into methanol with high selectivity (~97%) over a copper-containing zeolite, based on partial oxidation with water. The activation in helium at 673 kelvin (K), followed by consecutive catalyst exposures to 7 bars of methane and then water at 473 K, consistently produced 0.204 mole of CH3OH per mole of copper in zeolite. Isotopic labeling confirmed water as the source of oxygen to regenerate the zeolite active centers and renders methanol desorption energetically favorable. On the basis of in situ x-ray absorption spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, and density functional theory calculations, we propose a mechanism involving methane oxidation at CuII oxide active centers, followed by CuI reoxidation by water with concurrent formation of hydrogen.last_img read more

Covert infrared image encoding—hiding in plasmonic sight

first_imgThe scientists characterized optical traits of the cavity-coupled plasmonic system in the study and categorized them by geometrical features relative to the wavelength of incident light (λinc). To demonstrate this effect, two devices were primarily defined and simulated in the study led by the research group to operate in the MWIR and LWIR atmospheric transparency windows. The multispectral reflectance spectra of the respective surfaces were calculated as a function of the diameter of the hole using the FDTD method.When the incident light was considerably larger than the pattern, the system behaved as a metallic plane or mirror. As the incident light decreased, extraordinary light transmission occurred through the subwavelength hole-disk array, due to induced plasmon resonance, coupling the electromagnetic wave into the cavity. As the incident light became comparable to the array’s structural dimension, the system supported higher-order plasmonic and interference resonances due to the onset cavity-internal diffraction. Using the parameter study, Franklin et al. identified two possible routes to achieve infrared encoding; (i) the diameter of holes and (ii) the relief depth—while maintaining uniform visible absorption. When the cavity-coupled plasmonic system was excited at resonance, coherent interactions between photons and the free electron density within the metal produced collectively charged oscillations known as surface plasmons. High-density charge localization and microcurrents resulted from the interactions on the edges of the metallic elements, whose energy dissipated by ohmic loss. By varying the system’s parameters, the scientists encoded images on the surface within a desired spectral range, while these images did not appear visible within others. For example, an image encoded within the mid-wave infrared (MWIR) window, appeared as a grayscale image when viewed through a MWIR camera, although the appearance within the visible range and long-wave infrared (LWIR) regime remained a constant color. By varying the laser writing parameters (power and speed) of the master writing process, the scientists obtained a variety of hole diameters for the mid-wave infrared (MWIR) and long-wave infrared (LWIR) devices. Depending on the angle of incident light and viewing angle, when viewed by the eye or using a visible regime camera, the encoded surface appeared as a uniform block of color. Meanwhile the infrared camera showed the encoded grayscale images at a resolution depending on the surface plasmonics.The scientists conducted visible and infrared spectrometer measurements of the fabricated plasmonic systems. The infrared resonant surfaces were imaged using cameras designed for their respective bands of operation. A cooled indium antimonide detector was used to view the MWIR surfaces and an uncooled VOx microbolometer camera was used to view the LWIR surface. Dipolar coupling between the array of holes/disks and their interaction with optical cavity dictated the infrared response. Diffraction in to Fabry-Perot cavity modes dominated the visible regime. Grayscale images and data were encoded into the surfaces by mapping the diameter of holes of the plasmonic system to respective pixels. Top-view scanning electron microscope images of the hole diameters of the fabricated plasmonic systems, visible and infrared spectrometer measurements, and infrared images of the a–d) MWIR and e–h) LWIR devices. Solid lines for the reflectance spectra are measured values, whereas dotted lines are obtained by FDTD simulations. Line colors for the visible spectra are obtained from the CIE chromaticity matching functions. Credit: Light – Science & Applications, doi: 10.1038/s41377-018-0095-9. Infrared encoded data and images. a) Image of the Afghan Girl (Copyright Steve McCurry/Magnum Photos. Image rights granted by Magnum Photos New York) which is encoded into the plasmonic surface by mapping hole diameter to infrared grayscale. b) Visible camera (EOS Rebel T6i, Canon) and c) infrared image of the encoded MWIR surface taken with a cooled indium antimonide detector (A8300sc, FLIR). The MWIR Afghan Girl encode device is 1 × 0.75 mm2 in size. The same procedure is conducted for the LWIR domain and images to be encoded are d) that of Einstein and a QR code from the author’s website (http:/nanoscience.ucf.edu/chanda). e) A visible camera (EOS Rebel T6i, Canon) and f) LWIR infrared images taken with an uncooled VOx microbolometer camera (HD-1024, St. Johns Optical Systems). The Einstein encoded sample area is 1.25 × 1 mm2, and the QR code is 1 × 1 mm2. Credit: Light – Science & Applications, doi: 10.1038/s41377-018-0095-9. , Nature Communications Plasmonic materials can uniquely control the electromagnetic spectrum due to nano-scale surface architecture. Recent advances in nanotechnology and materials science and their combined capacity to develop controlled geometries at the nano-scale continue to evolve, as observed with optical properties of amplitude, phase and wave fronts for materials in optics. Although researchers have focused on individual frequencies and wavelengths, few studies have attempted to control fundamental properties across multiple electromagnetic frequency regimes. For instance, multispectral systems can establish new surfaces with combined functions, such as reflective multilayers that selectively absorb and emit infrared light in transparent atmospheric windows for thermal management. Similarly, plasmonic filters with tunable resonance can be used for multispectral color imaging. These concepts can be applied to achieve camouflage and anti-counterfeiting techniques. a) Schematic of the cavity-coupled plasmonic device consists of a backmirror, an imprinted array of holes in a polymer, and a second evaporation of gold to create disks and a perforated film. b) A false-colored scanning electron microscope image of the plasmonic system and a schematic with the various structural parameters. c) An encoded surface where pixel data are mapped to structural features of the plasmonic system. The spectral axis shows how the data can manifest in the desired wavelength range, as shown in the shortwave infrared window, whereas the surface remains uniform in other windows. Credit: Light – Science & Applications, doi: 10.1038/s41377-018-0095-9. Resonances in such systems occur as excited electric and magnetic multipole modes that depend on the geometries and dimensions of constituent materials due to inherent features of plasmon hybridization and plasmon-phonon-coupling. Such traits can be effectively used to engineer optical surface properties of a material. However, attempts to control structural parameters and accommodate a specific spectral regime can influence higher-order resonances in lower-wavelength ranges, resulting in a lack of independent control of optical character in specific spectral regions. In a recent study, a new device employed plasmonics to control a variety of wavelengths of light using a multilayer cavity-coupled nanostructured system. The plasmonic system maintained continuously tunable absorption throughout the mid-wave (3-5 µm) and long-wave (8-12 µm) infrared (MWIR and LWIR) atmospheric transparency windows, while maintaining near-invariant visible properties. The device was designed and developed by Daniel Franklin and colleagues in the Department of Physics and fabricated with a dielectric layer patterned with regularly-spaced nano-sized holes. By design, the nanostructures were sandwiched between a reflective metallic mirror and a thin upper gold layer with holes corresponding to the middle disc. Functionally, the spectral response of the multilayered cavity-coupled nanostructure depended on interactions among plasmonic resonances, diffraction and cavity feedback. The resonance mode of each regime was defined and explored using finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) numerical simulations. The parameters were identified and varied to create an experimental infrared (IR) color palette. Such images were made visible with IR cameras but were concealed in the visible domain by consistent pixel-to-pixel plasmonic absorption and diffraction. The study used a multispectral engineering setup to demonstrate cavity-induced plasmonics for applications in camouflage and anti-counterfeit technologies. The work is now published on Light: Science and Applications. Two systems are explored for operation in the mid wave infrared (MWIR) and long wave infrared (LWIR) transparency windows. a) Schematic of the plasmonic device designed for the MWIR and b) corresponding finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations of reflectance as a function of hole diameter. c) A schematic of the LWIR device and d) the equivalent FDTD sweep of hole diameters. Dotted black lines depict the infrared desired range of operation. Hole diameter can be used to sweep through these windows while keeping visible absorption invariant. Field profiles are presented at labeled wavelengths and hole diameters to illustrate the mechanisms behind the resonances in different spectral regimes. Credit: Light – Science & Applications, doi: 10.1038/s41377-018-0095-9. More information: Daniel Franklin et al. Covert infrared image encoding through imprinted plasmonic cavities, Light: Science & Applications (2018). DOI: 10.1038/s41377-018-0095-9 Jon W. Stewart et al. Toward Multispectral Imaging with Colloidal Metasurface Pixels, Advanced Materials (2016). DOI: 10.1002/adma.201602971 Debashis Chanda et al. Coupling of plasmonic and optical cavity modes in quasi-three-dimensional plasmonic crystals, Nature Communications (2011). DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1487 The scientists quantified diffraction efficiency in the study for the MWIR and LWIR devices as a function of hole diameter using FDTD. Results indicated that devices could be tuned for different wavelengths; primarily through the infrared transparency windows by modifying the hole/disk diameter and maintaining pixel-to-pixel brightness in the visible domain. The encoded information was not ‘invisible’ for different wavelengths, in contrast the dimensions of the plasmonic hole-disk system exceeded the diffraction limit of the visible light. Individual features were visible with high magnification objectives. The study combined ease of fabrication and compatibility on flexible substrates to engineer the device architecture. The results will lead to new plasmonic surfaces with multispectral functions to encode information. As a proof-of-principle, Franklin et al. encoded images and data onto material surfaces and observed them using infrared and visible cameras to demonstrate the potential of the cavity-coupled plasmonic system. In the technique, the scientists created a map between diameters of a given pixel and grayscale values of the surface to view through infrared camera imaging. The image was first encoded using direct laser writing onto a master template polymer that was used to fabricate the nanostructured surface using nanoimprint lithography (NIL). Before and after the NIL process the three-layered metallic cavities produced were imaged using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for surface characterization. The spectral and order averaged diffraction efficiency of the first and second orders at normal incidence for a) the MWIR device and b) LWIR device. Efficiency is averaged over the visible spectral range of 400–800 nm. Black dotted lines indicate the range of diameters with a maximum deviation of 1%. Insets depict the respective devices and the degeneracy of the first diffracted order based on the symmetry of the array of holes. Credit: Light – Science & Applications, doi: 10.1038/s41377-018-0095-9. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Covert infrared image encoding—hiding in plasmonic sight (2018, December 3) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-12-covert-infrared-image-encodinghiding-plasmonic.html Journal information: Light: Science & Applications , Advanced Materials © 2018 Science X Network Phononic SEIRA—enhancing light-molecule interactions via crystal lattice vibrations Explore furtherlast_img read more

Mamata Banerjee urges people to curb plastic pollution

first_imgKolkata: West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee today urged people to curb plastic pollution on the occasion of World Environment Day. “Today is World Environment Day. Following this year’s theme, let us pledge to beat plastic pollution. Let us pledge to make every day #WorldEnvironmentDay,” the CM tweeted this morning.India is the global host of 2018 World Environment Day celebrations. With “Beat Plastic Pollution” as the theme for this year’s edition, countries would be coming together to combat this particular environment concern. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe West Bengal Pollution Control Board (WBPCB) today organised a programme at its headquarters on this occasion.Speaking at the programme, Kalyan Rudra, the chairman of WBPCB, said people need to take “constructive steps” to end the menace of plastic pollution.”We must refrain from burning plastic openly. Also, people should stop littering plastic waste on roads, water bodies and sea beaches. Whenever you use plastic carry bags, ensure that the thickness is more than 50 microns,” he said. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedRudra also advocated segregation of plastic waste at source.”Local authorities, be it urban or rural, should provide bins for dropping recyclable waste,” he said, adding that pollution board was coordinating with several civic bodies in south Bengal on this issue.As per the 2015 Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) report, 3670 tonne of solid waste was generated in Kolkata every day, of which 425.72 tonne happened to be plastic waste, Rudra told reporters.”We must stop using disposable plastic bags (below 50 microns),” he said.At Alliance Francaise du Bengale, a paper-bag making workshop was arranged this morning for people of different age groups.”The workshop was aimed at making people aware of eco-friendly products,” a spokesman at the centre said.last_img read more

Now Salman Khan supports striking FTII students

first_imgActor Salman Khan on Thursday joined the league of top Bollywood personalities in supporting the striking FTII students, who are facing rustication for opposing the appointment of TV actor Gajendra Chauhan as the chairman of the institute. Salman said the ‘Mahabharat’ star should pay heed to the students’ demand and step down from the post. The actor’s support comes a day after the institute warned the students to end the strike or face “strong administrative action, which may include rustication”. “I think that he (Chauhan) should listen to the students …because the students have made our industry, worthy industry…,” Khan said.The students have been agitating for more than a month, following Chauhan’s appointment, alleging that he lacks “vision and stature” to head the FTII. Rishi Kapoor, his son Ranbir Kapoor, Rajkummar Rao, Nawazuddin Siddiqui, Anupam Kher, filmmakers Kundan Shah, Aziz Mirza, Adoor Gopalakrishnan, Kiran Rao, , Sudhir Mishra, Sayeed Mirza, Resul Pookutty and Piyush Mishra have voiced their reservation.last_img read more

Alia keen to learn from SRK

first_imgBollywood actor Alia Bhatt, who would be seen alongside Shah Rukh Khan in Karan Johar’s upcoming film, says working with the superstar would be a great learning opportunity for her.Johar has announced his next home production with Alia and SRK to be helmed by Gauri Shinde of English Vinglish fame.It is not clear yet if SRK and Alia would be romantically paired opposite each other in the film. The 22-year-old actor is very excited to share space with the ‘Om Shanti Om’ star. ‘I am very excited to be working with him (Shah Rukh Khan). He is the biggest superstar. It is a dream come true moment,’ Alia told a media person. Also Read – A fresh blend of fame“He is one of the best and respectable actors in the industry. I would get so much to learn from him. It is a great learning opportunity for me,’ she said. The pressure comes with every film. As actors we need to do our best… impress the audience as they are the king.We need to justify their faith and give our best,’ the Highway actor said.‘It is too early to talk about the concept of the film,’ she added. Reportedly, the Student of the Year actor has begun shooting for Gauri Khan’s film while Shah Rukh is busy with Dilwale. On this Alia says, ‘The details would be given out soon.’ Alia is also looking forward to the release of Shaandaar in which she is paired opposite Shahid Kapoor.last_img read more

Ruskin Bonds latest decodes happiness

first_imgIn his latest literary feat, popular author Ruskin Bond has attempted to crack the code to what all human kind strives for – happiness. He has wrapped a handful of his own pithy observations and of great personalities he admires, in a pocket-sized anthology that is “a miscellany for all seasons, to cherish and to share.” For Bond, who has perennially sought happiness in the mountains and the trees that envelope his little hutment in Landour-Mussoorie, “Happiness means different things to different people.” “Rakesh is happy behind the wheel of his car; the last place where I would be happy, having once driven through a garden wall in Friends Colony in New Delhi,” he writes in the introduction to ‘A Little Book of Happiness,’ published by Speaking Tiger. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’It is perhaps the subjectivity of the emotion and mankind’s incessant search to attain it, that the 81-year-old author decided to give a piece of his mind and heart to his readers. He tells them what makes him happy – curling up with a P G Wodehouse or a Charles Dickens on a rainy day, completing a story or a poem.“I’m quite happy on a rainy day because then I can curl up on a sofa, visit Blandings Castle with P G Wodehouse, enjoy a village cricket match with Pickwick and his Dickensian friends, or go rowing on the Thames with Jerome K Jerome’s three men and a dog. As a writer I am also happy when I have completed a story or poem or essay and feel pleased with it,” he writes. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixFeeling “pleased” is imperative, according to him. “Failed creations make me unhappy,” he writes. Bond’s first advice towards achieving happiness is, “To find happiness, look halfway between too little and too much,” It is followed by an African proverb that draws an analogy where, “Happiness is as good as food.” He goes on to tell his readers from his experience how for most of his life, he relied on his instinct rather than intelligence and found himself in a “modicum of happiness.”  “Life hasn’t been a bed of roses. And yet, quite often, I’ve had roses out of season,” writes an optimistic Bond. The book is peppered with the words of wisdom by stalwarts from different walks of life – authors, political leaders, scientists. Some of them include – Jane Austen, Dalai Lama, Charlotte Bronte, Osho, Pablo Neruda, Sylvia Plath, Stephen Fry, Benjamin Franklin, Leo Tolstoy, Oscar Wilde, William Shakespeare, and Rumi among others.According to the author, who has written extensively for children, a sense of satisfaction obtained from the vocation one practises is indispensable, for it is also a source of happiness. The author seems to have consciously left a couple of empty pages titled “Notes” after every few entries, perhaps for the reader to jot down their own musings on happiness and add to the book.last_img read more

PadMan Challenge Stupid trend or breaking taboos

first_imgThe Pad Man promotions have seen at least over a 30 film celebrities posing with an open sanitary napkin as part of the #PadManChallenge to convey there’s nothing to be “ashamed” about something as “natural” as menstruation. But is it actually helping in breaking taboos surrounding the subject, or is it just another marketing gimmick? It’s Valentine’s Day week, but more than the Rose Day, Chocolate Day and the likes, it’s the #PadManChallenge that has taken social media by storm. The challenge comes close on the heels of the release of Pad Man. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAmong the initial challengers was Akshay’s wife and author Twinkle Khanna. Holding a sanitary napkin high with her hands in a photo, she tweeted: “Yes, that’s a pad in my hand and there’s nothing to be ashamed about. It’s natural! Period. #PadManChallenge. Copy, paste this and challenge your friends to take a photo with a pad! Here I am challenging Aamir Khan, Shabana Azmi, Harsh Goenka.” They obliged.Soon, the digital platforms were flooded with photographs featuring Bollywood celebrities like Aamir Khan, Deepika Padukone, Karan Johar, Katrina Kaif, Akshay Kumar, Tiger Shroff, Riteish Deshmukh, Mahesh Bhatt, Ali Abbas Zafar, Purab Kohli, Neil Bhoopalam, Homi Adajania, Bhumi Pednekar, Vaani Kapoor, Atul Kasbekar, Amit Trivedi, Diana Penty, Huma Qureshi, Aditi Rao Hydari, Swara Bhasker, Dia Mirza, Ayushmann Khurrana, Arjun Kapoor, Varun Dhawan, Anushka Sharma, Sophie Choudry, Sonam Kapoor, Alia Bhatt, Anil Kapoor, Rajkummar Rao and Radhika Apte holding open pads in hands. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveAn empowering move?Comedienne Supriya Joshi doesn’t think so. “Hi guys, something amazing happened this morning. I got my period. As many of you know, I have PCOS, so to get your period is such an amazing feeling. I immediately ran to my sanitary napkin stash, but found I had run out of them.”She quipped via a social media post: “Instead, I saw my mom, dad, grandmother and my building’s secretary posing with them and taking pictures. I asked them what they are doing with my pads, and they said, ‘Shut up silly girl, we’re taking part in a movement that will change the course of history. We’re going to make periods a taboo a thing of the past! The Padman Challenge will empower women! Don’t forget to use the hashtag otherwise you’re not empowering anybody. “I felt so empowered and inspired and I wanted to do the challenge too, but at this time everyone had thrown away the opened pads and I continued to bleed through my clothing.”She took her own challenge by posting an image in which she holds up a notepad that reads: “Don’t waste sanitary napkins on stupid marketing gimmicks. Trust me guys it’s the best feeling to not have access to pads when you’re bleeding and the Pad Man challenge is all that is needed to destigmatise a woman’s period. Kudos to champion of all causes Akshay Kumar and his amazing marketing team for championing this cause.”Her sarcasm didn’t end there as she concluded her message with: “Pads are just selfie accessories any way!”Comedienne Mallika Dua also poked fun at the #PadManChallenge.In a series of Instagram stories, she wrote: “Always remember. Each time you feel weak, each time you feel lesser than your equals, each time you feel you’ve been made to feel lesser for no reason and that the fight has just about begun, when you feel society and the government have not given you your due, hold up a sanitary pad and post a picture of it on Instagram. You will feel empowered. So empowered. Bye.”One Twitter user wrote: “Sonam Kapoor is against her own film’s marketing gimmick. Hahahaa. PadManChallenge.” The user shared a tweet that was liked by Sonam. It read: “Cute how Bollywood celebrities start doing stupid trends like #PadManChallenge but automatically lose their spine when asked to take stand on ‘Padmaavat or when Swara was being slut shamed. Such hypocrites!”A Facebook user tired of the challenge, suggested: “If you really want to do something, buy a packet of pads and give it to someone who can not afford it. That will be the real #padmanchallenge.”Akshay has maintained that the film has sparked discussions about the subject, and “there will be a day when it will change”.Miss World Organisation CEO Julia Morley is here as part of a world tour led by Miss World 2017 Manushi Chhillar.”We should know that it’s no use when we can do a lot of talking and we don’t have the action. That’s what scares me. One has to put your money where your mouth is, and make sure it continues,” she said.last_img read more

Try these hemline styles for your next dress

first_imgWith people getting more experimental with their attires, a number of individuals are trying different hemlines to add glamour to their simple dress or kurta. Try out cuts like wrap, a feminine-sensual hemline like the trumpet or asymmetrical, suggest experts. Here are few ways on how different hemlines can be explored.Wrap: From the plain Jane wrap to the sexy twist wrap, the market holds multiple styles to suit each one of you. Trumpet: Also Read – Add new books to your shelfA feminine-sensual style that skims your hips and thighs and flares out slightly at the hemline which reminds you of the musical instrument after which it is named. With this ultra dainty hemline, wear delicate or strappy feminine or sensual shoes that show a lot of your feet. Boots and shoes with thick ankle straps defeat the purpose of wearing this feminine or sensual hemline.Handkerchief: This hemline is all flirty and free. Its whimsical vibes makes it the perfect wear for spring season. Being a versatile hemline it can be worn to work or even a party. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveAsymmetrical: Typically you will see this cut on skirts and fitted dresses in solid colours for both daytime and formal affairs. When worn with a casual skirt, a slouchy boyfriend tee loosely tucked in will balance out the fitted nature of the skirt. Let your shoes shine through a little more with this dress with an embellished sandal.Tea length: Starting to differentiate a little more, this cut falls at mid calf, and you’ll find it in a multitude of dresses from cocktail to wedding. Depending on the cut of the dress, it will draw attention to the calf and ankles, so be aware of your strong points. Mini: Used properly, it can lend an amazing dimension to a dress. Unfortunately, it is most often used improperly and ends up making the wearer look trashy. Floor length: This hemline falls just above the floor, and is one of the longer hems in the range of practical cuts. Unless you’re getting married, chances are you don’t want to wear a dress that is dragging on the floor all day.Ballet: This is the next highest, and should brush the ankles when fit properly. We are not talking a big difference from the floor length, but depending on the dress it can make or break the design. Used improperly, it will make the dress look like it doesn’t fit rather than enhance the overall silhouette.Ballerina: This cut should clear the ankles so the dress hangs above the ankle but below the calf. It’s very difficult to classify hemlines unless they are cut properly. A ballerina hem may be a ballet hem on someone who is two inches shorter.last_img read more

Spirituality linked to mental health

first_imgPeople who claim to have experienced personal encounters with ‘God’ report positive changes in their psychological health lasting decades, scientists say. Over the millennia, people have reported having deeply moving religious experiences either spontaneously or while under the influence of psychedelic substances such as psilocybin-containing mushrooms or the Amazonian brew ayahuasca. A portion of those experiences have been encounters with what the person regards as “God” or “ultimate reality.” Also Read – Add new books to your shelfIn a survey of thousands of people who reported having experienced personal encounters with God, researchers from Johns Hopkins University in the US report that more than two-thirds of self-identified atheists shed that label after their encounter, regardless of whether it was spontaneous or while taking a psychedelic. Moreover, a majority of respondents attributed lasting positive changes in their psychological health – life satisfaction, purpose and meaning – even decades after their initial experience. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveThe findings add to evidence that such deeply meaningful experiences may have healing properties, the researchers said. The study is the first to systematically and rigorously compare reports of spontaneous God encounter experiences with those occasioned, or catalysed, by psychedelic substances. “Experiences that people describe as encounters with God or a representative of God have been reported for thousands of years, and they likely form the basis of many of the world’s religions,” said Roland Griffiths, a professor at the Johns Hopkins University. “And although modern Western medicine doesn’t typically consider ‘spiritual’ or ‘religious’ experiences as one of the tools in the arsenal against sickness, our findings suggest that these encounters often lead to improvements in mental health,” Griffiths said in a statement. For the study, the scientists used data from 4,285 people worldwide who responded to online advertisements to complete one of two 50-minute online surveys about God encounter experiences. The surveys asked participants to recall their single most memorable encounter experience with the “God of their understanding,” a “higher power,” “ultimate reality” or “an aspect or representative of God” They also asked how respondents felt about their experience and whether it changed their lives. The people who said they had a God encounter experience when on a psychedelic reported that these experiences happened at age 25 on average, whereas those whose experience was spontaneous reported having it at an average age of 35. About 75 per cent of respondents in both the non-drug and psychedelics groups rated their “God encounter” experience as among the most meaningful and spiritually significant in their lifetime, and both groups attributed to it positive changes. Independent of psychedelics use, more than two-thirds of those who said they were atheists before the experience no longer identified as such afterward. Although both groups reported a decreased fear of death, 70 per cent of participants in the psychedelics group reported this change, compared with 57 per cent among non-drug respondents. In both groups, about 15 per cent of the respondents said their experience was the most psychologically challenging of their lives. “Continuing to explore these experiences may provide new insights into spiritual beliefs that have been integral to shaping human culture,” said Griffiths. The research team caution that the study relied on self-reported responses to a questionnaire, a method that carries substantial possibilities for biased responses among participants. They don’t advocate that people use hallucinogenic substances on their own because they carry not only legal risks, but also behavioral risks associated with impaired judgment under the influence and the possibility of negative psychological consequences, particularly in vulnerable people or when experience is not safeguarded by qualified guides.last_img read more

ICMR launches Malaria Elimination Research Alliance

first_imgICMR recently launched the Malaria Elimination Research Alliance (MERA)- India and organised the Stakeholders’ Meeting at ICMR headquarters, New Delhi to have vibrant discussions on the roadmap of the Alliance. National and International leaders of malaria research, officials from Government of India, NGOs participated in the day long meeting.Indian Council of Medical Research has established ‘Malaria Elimination Research Alliance-India (MERA-India)’, which is a conglomeration of partners working on malaria control. The principal activity of the Alliance is to prioritise, plan, conduct, scale up and translate relevant research in a coordinated and combinatorial way in order to have a tangible impact of this research on the population at risk for malaria. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfOver the past two decades, India has made impressive progress in malaria control. The malaria burden has declined by over 80% and malaria deaths by over 90%.The success has provided a strong foundation for commitment from the leadership of the Government of India to eliminate malaria in India by 2030. This situation highlights the need for a common platform and shared research agenda and resources through establishment of the Malaria Elimination Research Alliance (MERA) India. MERA India will facilitate trans-institutional coordination and collaboration around a shared research agenda which responds to not only to programmatic challenges and addresses gaps in available tools but also proactively contribute to targeted research. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveOn the occasion Preeti Sudan, Secretary, Ministry of Health and Family welfare, Govt of India stated that MERA India alliance is very important to Ministry of Health and Family welfare because of the operational research. “WHO report has appreciated our research for decline in malaria and it is time to ensure its elimination by 2030,” she added. Dr Neena Valecha, Regional Adviser, WHO-SEARO, spoke on the need of support from the government. She mentioned about the need of coordinated approach, research inputs and tools which can guide national programme to develop strategies for the regular changes endemicity in the near malaria elimination era. Lt Gen Bipin Puri, DG, AFMS, said that Armed force implemented IRS that reduced malaria cases in 1996 from 12.6/1000 to 1.10/1000 nowadays. He also discussed about the measures taken in Northeast for malaria control in Armed Forces such as early diagnosis, treatment and chemoprophylaxis, regular practice of sundown sleeve down approach, and a lot more. Dr Sundeep Sarin, Adviser, DBT, said that DBT has initiated the programme and sponsored the vaccine project on malaria. Professor Balram Bhargava, Secretary DHR and DG ICMR mentioned the importance of malaria elimination, need of commitment for cutting edge research and to stick with the time line. Dr Neeraj Dhingra, Director, NVBDCP, Dr RR Gangakhedkar, Head ECD, ICMR, Dr Manju Rahi, Scientist at ICMR, Dr Anup Anvikar, Scientist at ICMR-National Institute of Malaria Research discussed about aspects of Malaria elimination research alliance.last_img read more

Popular bra myths busted

first_imgEvery girl wears bras, all-day, every day. So naturally, there’s a lot of talk about what’s good and what’s bad with it, how to take care of your bra, which is the perfect bra for you (your size) and much more. Be it from ill-informed relatives or bragging friends at sleepovers, many people thrive on myths. Read this article to find the most popular bra myths get busted.Big boobs can’t help but spill over cups: Just because you have bigger boobs doesn’t mean you have to deal with boob spillage. It’s normal to have a little peek-a-boob on the side of your bra. However, you shouldn’t be spilling excessively over all sides of your cup. A lot of spillage is the result of wearing a cup size that’s too small. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf You don’t have to wash your bra that often: How come no one ever says that about underwear? To be honest, your bra needs to be washed after every wearing, just like with your panties, or the dirt and oils from the skin can break down the elasticity in the fabric. In any brand’s lingerie care rules, you will find more about how to take care of your delicates. White shirt? You can only wear a white bra with it: This is the most silliest myth at with almost every girl has stuck with since school! It’s actually the contrary. A white bra would probably stick out worse than a dark coloured one. You should stick with shades closer to your skin tone like nudes, pale pinks or light browns. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive The underwire can cause cancer: There is no scientific proof for the claim that a bra can cause cancer. Be it dark colours or underwires, there is no way that your bra can trigger breast cancer. So, ladies, feel free to wear your sexy bra every day (in every single colour of the spectrum). Your bra is the same size for every brand: Since it’s quite a task to figure the perfect bra size, we all take comfort in thinking that the same should work everywhere. However, different brands have different sizes for different bras. These sizes are determined on the basis of the model’s body type. And each brand has its own ‘fit model’. So, it’s always good to measure yourself and check. (Inputs by Lakshmi Subramaniam, Senior Product and Design Manager, Zivame.com)last_img read more

Tsar Bomba was the most powerful atomic bomb ever created

first_imgOn October 30, 1961, a little more than 16 years after humanity entered the age of nuclear warfare, the Soviet Union demonstrated the frightening capabilities of their nuclear arsenal by detonating an almost inconceivably powerful hydrogen bomb. The “Tsar Bomba,” “The King of Bombs,” or “Big Ivan” as the Soviets nicknamed it at the time, produced the most powerful artificial explosion in history and greatly enhanced the anxiety that accompanied the Cold War.While “Little Boy,” the bomb dropped over Hiroshima and the first nuclear device ever detonated, had a yield equivalent to 15 kilotons of TNT and was capable of disintegrating an entire city, the Tsar Bomba had a yield of a whopping 50 megatons and was virtually capable of destroying an entire small country.A Tsar Bomba-type casing on display at Sarov. Photo Croquant CC BY SA 3.0The bomb was dropped over Severny, an island in the desolate Russian archipelago of Novaya Zemla. A blinding fireball with a diameter of 5 miles lit the sky and produced a mushroom cloud that rose high up into the Earth’s atmosphere, all the way to a staggering altitude of approximately 100 miles.However, since the detonation occurred in a remote and sparsely populated area, no humans were killed or seriously injured during the test. Still, the bomb’s behemoth blast wave, which traveled all the way around the Earth three times, caused minor material damage in towns that were located as far as 550 miles from ground zero.Site of the detonation. Photo by Audriusa CC BY-SA 3.0Several weeks before the Tsar was sent on its way to Novaya Zemlya, high-ranking Soviet military officials had hand-picked the bomb delivery crew that was to carry out the possibly futile task of unloading the device from an altitude of 6.5 miles above the ground.A pilot named Andrei E. Durnovtsev was selected as the squadron leader; he was to fly a customized Tupolev Tu-95 “Bear” airplane armed with the bomb. Another pilot, an unnamed major of the Soviet Air Force, was tasked with flying the second plane, a smaller Tupolev Tu-16, to observe and film the test.Total destruction radius, superimposed on Paris. Photo by Bourrichon CC BY SA 3.0Although the bomb was fitted with a parachute that was designed to slow down its descent towards the detonation altitude and give the pilots enough time to get clear of the destruction zone, everyone involved in the operation was aware that the bomb delivery crew had only a 50 percent chance of surviving the mission.Such a powerful nuclear device had never been constructed before; no one was able to accurately predict the potentially frightening effects of the explosion.MV Lyubov Orlova – Ghost ship ?Both planes were painted in anti-flash white, a special military paint designed to protect the integrity of the aircraft and the health of the crew by reflecting the thermal radiation produced by a nuclear explosion, and the crew was equipped with black-out visors that were designed to protect their eyes from the blinding brightness of the unprecedented flash. When the planes took off, the men were aware that their fate was in the hands of chance.When Major Durnovtsev reached the agreed coordinates, a Soviet general on the ground remotely released the 27-ton bomb which immediately deployed its parachute and started descending towards the altitude at which it was set to detonate.A simple graphic showing comparative nuclear fireball radii for a number of different tests and warheads.Durnovtsev, who was aware of the fact that the pilots had only about two and a half minutes to move to the distance of at least 30 miles away from ground zero, channeled all of his concentration and hope into bringing his crew to safety.When the bomb detonated, the smaller and faster plane had already reached the distance of at least 5o miles, but Durnovtsev in his Tu-95 had managed to get only about 28 miles from the center of the explosion.Map of Nova Zembla.The Tsar’s shock wave, which traveled faster than the speed of sound, reached the plane and caused it to fall rapidly for almost a mile. Three of the crewmen reportedly lost consciousness, but Major Durnovtsev somehow remained in control.He managed to set the plane back on course and safely land at a mainland Air Force base some 300 miles away. Since not many people would have been able to repeat his daring escape, he was immediately promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel and named a Hero of the Soviet Union.last_img read more

Americas First Bank Robbery was Nearly the Perfect Crime

first_imgIn 1793, Scotsman Patrick Lyon arrived off the boat in Philadelphia, looking to seek his fortune and play his part in the American Dream. Philly was the home of the United States government back then, so it made sense he’d be realizing his ambitions there. Lyon was a master smith whose skills would come to be in high demand. It didn’t start that way though. According to the website of the city’s historic Carpenters’ Hall, he “writes that his first American employer cheated him of wages. Eventually, his skill as a locksmith, blacksmith ‘and clever mechanic’ earned him a good reputation and a decent living. His work impressed many, especially his creation of an excellent fire engine.”He probably saw that initial disappointment as a bump in the road to success. However, it wasn’t the only obstacle Lyon encountered before he finally established himself in life. Following that brush with a devious employer, he was then caught up in a situation that threatened not only his standing but his very liberty.Bank of Pennsylvania building designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe. Engraving by William Birch.Five years after his arrival, Lyon was arrested and imprisoned as the prime suspect in America’s first ever bank heist.The target was the Bank of Pennsylvania, which at the time was temporarily operating out of Carpenter’s Hall. Ironically this financial institution had escaped a previous attempt to steal its contents before setting up shop to await construction of new premises.As Saturday night became Sunday morning of August 1, 1798, $162,821 was lifted from the Bank’s vault. The news was shocking, and Lyon was in the frame because he had recently worked on the vault doors at his workshop.Carpenters Hall, by M. P. Simons.High Constable John Haines saw him as the natural culprit, with the $2,000 reward playing no part whatsoever in his reasoning. The h2g2 website colorfully describes “chief suspect” Lyons as “one of those ingenious Celts from the old country who could open up the cleverest locks devised within a minute.”Haines didn’t have to hunt Lyons down like a dog. In fact the master smith had arrived back in Philadelphia dog tired, having made a 150 mile journey on foot upon hearing of the robbery. He had his own strong suspicions about who might have committed the crime.Lyons had more on his mind than criminality of course. He’d made the trek from Lewistown (Lewes), Delaware, having fled Philadelphia with his young apprentice. This was to escape a natural calamity that had engulfed the city, to which the daring heist was merely a worrying footnote.Philadelphia, 1800.Yellow fever had been carried across America by mosquitoes since the late 17th century. But in 1793, as Lyons made his new home in Philadelphia, so did Caribbean refugees who were carrying the notorious disease.History.com uses the affliction’s other name when summarizing the effects. “Yellow fever, or American plague as it was known at the time, is a viral disease that begins with fever and muscle pain. Next, victims often become jaundiced (hence, the term “yellow” fever), as their liver and kidneys cease to function normally. Some of the afflicted then suffer even worse symptoms. Famous early American Cotton Mather described it as ‘turning yellow then vomiting and bleeding every way.’”The Arch Street wharf, where the first cluster of cases was identified.The outbreak was claiming as many as 100 lives a day, including those of Lyons’ wife and child. Evacuation was on everyone’s mind, from officials to citizens. The bereaved artisan had hoped to beat a hasty retreat, but at the last minute he was called upon to undertake an important task. A job involving the vault doors of the Bank of Philadelphia.His new customers were Samuel Robinson and Isaac Davis. Robinson was part of the Carpenters’ Hall hierarchy and facilitated the Bank’s stay therein. As for Davis, he was a stranger to Lyons. There was an air of mystery about proceedings, with the urgent nature of the assignment being a little too urgent for Lyons’ taste.He believed the locks and fittings were substandard and not fit for purpose. h2g2 writes that Lyons “watched Davis try the new keys repeatedly. After Lyon had finished working, he met both men at a restaurant and had an uneasy feeling that they were uncomfortable seeing him.”Carpenters’ Hall in 1905.Things fell into place for Lyons when he heard about the big steal, miles from the scourge of Yellow Fever. His apprentice hadn’t been so lucky and died a couple of days after they departed. The Scottish smith felt he had no option but to return to the lion’s mouth and report his suspicions.He was promptly locked up in a cramped, unsanitary environment which put him squarely in the fever’s path. Some accounts state having expended so much effort avoiding the disease in the first place, Lyons finally contracted it, though thankfully survived the experience.Story Of A City: New York (1946)Luck was also on his side in a way he couldn’t have foreseen. For reasons best known to himself, one of the robbers was utterly incompetent.Isaac Davis, the stranger who had accompanied Samuel Robinson with the vault doors and taken such an interest in them, was one of two men who’d carried out the deed. The other was Thomas Cunningham, a bank porter. His role in the story is crucial but relatively short as he died from Yellow Fever days later.A sum of $162,821 had been taken from vaults of the Bank of Pennsylvania.Davis had begun depositing large amounts of money stolen from the Bank of Philadelphia… back into the Bank of Philadelphia. It didn’t take long for authorities to smell a rat and Davis soon confessed. Lyons had been imprisoned for 2 months by that stage.Unfortunately, it wasn’t the end of his misery. He was eventually released in 1799, having languished unnecessarily behind bars. The affair was an embarrassment for the higher-ups, and they didn’t want to admit their terrible mistake. Instead, they tried to cast Lyons as an accomplice.Meanwhile, Davis kept his freedom, with merely a legal slap on the wrist. h2g2 speculates, “Perhaps because he was the son of a judge, he was only required to repay the stolen money and was removed from the Carpenters’ Company list.”Lyons became symbolic of an individual who’d beaten the system.Lyons wrote a pamphlet about his ordeal, though readers may have been dissuaded from his plight by the elaborate title: “Narrative of Patrick Lyon Who Suffered Three Months Severe Imprisonment in Philadelphia Gaol on Merely a Vague Suspicion of Being Concerned in a Robbery of the Bank of Pennsylvania With his Remarks Thereon.”In 1805, after a period of hardship and his good name in the mud, Lyons rallied against his prosecutors in a landmark civil case. The Carpenters’ Hall website mentions that “The jury deliberated four hours and returned with a whopping $12,000 verdict in favor of Lyon. The defendants appealed and were granted a new trial set to begin in March 1807. Just as the second trial was to start, an agreement was reached awarding Lyon $9,000.”Pat Lyon at the Forge by John Neagle.Lyons became symbolic of an individual who’d beaten the system. A portrait was commissioned from artist John Neagle in 1826, though this had a simpler title than the subject’s pamphlet: Pat Lyon at the Forge.As described by h2g2 it “was often reproduced in media of the time. Lyon became a symbol of the ingenious craftsman. He went through persecution because he was a recent immigrant. Restored in fortune, he became affiliated with the same people who had oppressed him.”Read another story from us: Despite early 1900s discrimination, an African American woman founded a bank in Virginia, becoming the first female bank president of any race in the U.S.In attempting to secure justice, an innocent man had been subjected to the very worst the concept had to offer. He was now financially secure, though perhaps chose to keep his funds in a vault other than that of the Bank of Philadelphia.Steve Palace is a writer, journalist and comedian from the UK. Sites he contributes to include The Vintage News, Art Knews Magazine and The Hollywood News. His short fiction has been published as part of the Iris Wildthyme range from Obverse Books.last_img read more

The Love Affair of Clark Gable and Carole Lombard – And the

first_imgWhat happens when star crossed lovers meet? In the case of Clark Gable and Carole Lombard, stars met, crossed, loved, and then some. The meeting took place on a job, as many complicated romances begin. The two famous actors were hired for No Man of Her Own (1932) in which con man Jerry Stewart (Gable) falls for librarian Connie Randall (Lombard).Director of the film, Garson Kanin, later addressed the subject in his memoirs Hollywood: Stars and Starlets, Tycoons, Moviemakers, Frauds, Hopefuls, Great Lovers (1976). He recounts Lombard confiding in him, saying that despite filming several steamy love scenes together, “[she] never got any kind of tremble out of him at all.”Studio publicity photo of Clark Gable and Carole Lombard after their honeymoon, 1939It’s not too surprising that this wasn’t a case of love at first sight, as both were married at the time — Gable to a Texas socialite, Maria Langham, and Lombard to actor William Powell. There was also a seven-year age gap between the two on-screen lovers.It was then a four year gap which separated the two actors who came in contact with each other for the second time in 1936 at the Mayfair Ball, which Lombard hosted.Publicity photo of Clark GableThe party’s invite list included all of Hollywood’s finest. Lombard graced the event with a dashing date — Cesar Romero — and a separated, but not yet divorced, Gable showed up stag.This evening was the spark that would ignite an all-consuming flame. Despite Lombard’s conspicuous date, gossip sources report that Clark Gable invited Carole Lombard back to his hotel room that night.Carole LombardGable’s divorce was finalized in 1938, after which the couple made their relationship public. The two were completely inseparable, never spending more than a week away from each other.A year later, Gable was working with David O. Selznick on Gone With the Wind and took advantage of a filming break to elope with Lombard in Arizona. It’s worth noting that it was Selznick who, three years earlier, had convinced Carole Lombard to host that fateful Mayfair Ball.Clark Gable and Vivien Leigh strike an amorous pose in ‘Gone with the Wind’, 1939Emotional struggles with infertility and allegations of infidelity plagued the couple’s marriage, including the day of the accident that cut it short.In January 1942, Lombard ignored numerous warning signs regarding a flight she was determined to take back home to California, presumably to reunite with Gable and assuage alleged marital issues. A psychic Lombard had seen with her mother, Elizabeth Peters, warned the actress against flights in general for the entire calendar year.Carole Lombard and William Powell in a publicity still for the film ‘My Man Godfrey’Gable’s press agent, Otto Winkler, was traveling with Lombard at the time and warned the actress against the flight home, having had a premonition of a plane crash in the days leading up to the trip. Both Winkler and Peters preferred an originally planned, but longer train journey.Related Article:A coin toss determined their fate. Lombard’s haste won and all three parties boarded TWA Flight 3 from Las Vegas to Los Angeles. The plane never got farther than Nevada, crashing into Potosi Mountain.Photo of Clark Gable, Carole Lombard and Mrs. Elizabeth Peters, the mother of Carole LombardWith the star, who had just raised around £2 million worth of bonds for the war effort, were 15 young pilots headed west, en route to serve in the war. No one survived.In an emotionally heroic gesture, Clark Gable mounted a horse and ascended 7,800 feet up the deadly mountain, following a route that even experienced professionals struggled to surmount and warned him against. With a group of guides and officials, the search party located the ruins of the flight.Clark Gable with an 8th Air Force Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress in England, 1943Understandably, grief struck the widower in an extreme way. Gable didn’t want to go back to an empty home. He took up drinking, smoking, reckless motorcycle driving, and enlisted in the U.S. Army Air Forces in August 1942, telling his friends that he didn’t care if he died in battle.Read another story from us: The Iconic Love Story of Johnny Cash and June CarterGable didn’t die of a broken heart, but he lived another 18 years without his beloved. He remarried twice during this time, but upon his death due to heart complications, he was buried next to his 3rd wife: Carole Lombard.last_img read more

VIDEO Jalen Ramsey continues battle with AJ Green in trash talk filled

first_imgJalen Ramsey and A.J. Green got into an actual fight last Sunday that ended in a UFC-style choke hold from Green, and both players getting ejected.Ramsey was asked about the scrap by some reporters, yesterday, and he wasn’t ready to let it go. Instead he launched into a flurry of trash talk, saying he was pushing around Green all day:“I told him almost every play that he was weak, that he was soft. Them is straight facts. He just couldn’t handle the truth. Those were facts. I told him that his time was almost up. I told him that it was easy, which it was. He had one catch for six yards.“I was just out there spitting facts to him. And he got mad. And then people are trying to talk about the push, I mean I pushed him every single play. You can go back and look at the film, I pushed him every single play. I told him to stop putting his hand on me.”This battle is far from over. The takeaway: Jalen Ramsey genuinely doesn’t like A.J. Green.Jalen Ramsey is quickly becoming my favorite non-Chief in the NFL. pic.twitter.com/gZLMLCrlDA— Mike Welch (@RealMikeWelch) November 9, 2017last_img read more

Harvard Is Actually Developing Mind Control Technology

first_imgSeptember 26, 2013 Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals 2 min readcenter_img What if you could use your mind to telepathically control the actions of someone else? It sounds crazy, but researchers at Harvard are at least one step closer to making the unbelievable a reality.In a recent lab test, folks at the Cambridge, Mass.-based university were able to use a human mind to control the physical movement of a live rat. Here’s how the system works: A human wears a standard EEG-based “brain-to-computer interface” (BCI) while the rat wears the reverse “computer-to-brain interface” (CBI,) according to a report from ExtremeTech.com. The rat’s interface also includes non-invasive technology that can excite a specific region of neurons the wearer’s brain using an ultrasound signal.From there it gets slightly more complicated. The human’s interface is able to detect when he is looking at a specific pattern on a computer screen. Then it sends a command to the rat’s interface causing an ultrasound signal to be sent to the part of the rat’s brain that controls movement of its tail.”The researchers report that the human BCI has an accuracy of 94 percent, and that it generally takes around 1.5 seconds for the entire process — from the human deciding to look at the screen, through to the movement of the rat’s tail,” ExtremeTech.com reports.(By the way, is it just me or does that rat in this video look like it’s the size of a small dog??)So, this technology is still in its infancy. Ideally, a person would simply have to think about an action in order to cause it to happen in the rat. And to be able to cause more complex actions or feelings.But what could the market be for tech like this? Transmitting thoughts to others without speaking? Or something more nefarious like mind control? The government is already spying on you online. Do we need our minds controlled, too? (Don’t answer that.)What crazy apps and gadgets have you come across lately? Let us know by emailing us at FarOutTech@entrepreneur.com or by telling us in the comments below. Register Now »last_img read more

PHOTOS This Is Supposedly the iPhone 6

first_img 2 min read Free Webinar | Sept. 9: The Entrepreneur’s Playbook for Going Global This story originally appeared on Business Insider February 15, 2014 @MacRumors iphone #6 pic.twitter.com/nr4pL76Ql5— mornray886 (@mornray886) February 12, 2014 iPHone 6 #apple pic.twitter.com/tSgU9hn4S6— mornray886 (@mornray886) February 12, 2014 We now have a pretty good idea about what the next iPhone is going to look like.Blogger Sonny Dickson says he’s gotten his hands on the casings Apple is planning to use for the iPhone 6. He says that it will be thinner, and it will have a bigger screen. The phone will look like a cross between an iPad Air and an iPod Touch, says Dickson.He also has photos of the iPhone 6 casing, but he cautions “I’m not 100% sure this is the real back housing.”Dickson has an excellent track record. He was first to leak the iPhone 5C, which came in plastic colors. He was also one of the first to leak the casings for the iPad Air, and the iPad Mini with Retina.Dickson wasn’t the only one with photos of this casing. A random twitter account was blasting out images today that match.UPDATE: People are suggesting these photos from the random Twitter account may have been photoshopped fakes. However, the photos from Dickson aren’t being questioned.Here are those Twitter images, as well as a big one from Dickson:@appleinsider iPhone 6 pic.twitter.com/etkXtjwnco— mornray886 (@mornray886) February 12, 2014 Growing a business sometimes requires thinking outside the box. Image credit: Sonny Dickson iphone 6 #apple pic.twitter.com/GW6jKLG9FP— mornray886 (@mornray886) February 12, 2014 Register Now »last_img read more