The hunt for hot nuclear matter (PhysOrg.com) — Later this year, the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator, the Large Hadron Collider near Geneva, Switzerland, will begin operating, sending beams of protons hurling around circular tracks in opposite directions at nearly light-speed and then forcing them to collide, producing a spray of energy and matter. Explore further Scientists’ hopes are high for the LHC, with many yearning that its detectors will record evidence of undiscovered theorized particles and new physics. In that respect, a group of physicists considers a new possible discovery: a new dimension. At the LHC, the proton collisions will be powerful enough to probe incredibly minute size scales, perhaps minute enough to open a tiny new dimension.”While the LHC may uncover what appears to be an extra dimension, it could really be a hologram of some more complicated physics theory,” said physicist Veronica Sanz of Boston Univeristy and York University in Ontario, Canada, to PhysOrg.com. Sanz is one of three physicists involved in the study.By “hologram,” Sanz and her colleagues aren’t referring to a flat image that appears three dimensional. Rather, in the context of particle physics, holography imagines an extra dimension to handle the calculations of strongly interacting systems, like LHC collisions. Added physicist Adam Martin of Yale University, “LHC could discover a new type of strong interactions wildly different from the strong nuclear force we already know from the Standard Model.”The strong nuclear force is one of the four fundamental physics forces and is what keeps atomic nuclei together, mediated by gluons. The other three forces are the electromagnetic, gravitational, and weak forces. The strong, weak, and EM forces, and the particles that experience them, are all described by a sweeping physics theory known as the Standard Model (gravity is ignored because it is so weak by comparison).But the Standard Model isn’t quite complete: One particle, the proposed “Higgs boson,” has yet to be discovered. It is the missing piece of the Standard Model and perhaps the “Holy Grail” of LHC results. If found, it could tell scientists about the origins of mass itself, and why matter can be made of elementary particles that are essentially massless. The Higgs, they think, is responsible for assigning masses to those elementary particles.But the Higgs may not exist, or may not be found. And if not, Standard Model calculations become unwieldy, as only with the Higgs do the calculations make sense. But a new physical dimension, if only an imaginary one, could make such calculations easier.”For all we know, extra dimensions may be nature’s way of computing the masses of particles,” says the study’s corresponding scientist, Yale University physicist Johannes Hirn.This research is published in the May 23, 2008, online edition of the Journal of High Energy Physics.Citation: Johannes Hirn et al JHEP 05 (2008) 084Copyright 2008 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com.
Vertical perspective of a typical ant trajectory toward a fixed target surface (indicated by the heavy dark line) showing how θright and γ were measured (θleft omitted for clarity). The relative lengths of the legs and body are drawn to scale, whereas proportional dimensions of individual leg and body segments are approximate. Scientists: Ants have internal pedometer Citation: Wingless ants glide to safety steering with their hind legs (w/ Video) (2010, March 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-03-wingless-ants-glide-safety-hind.html The arboreal ants jump from the safety of the tree if threatened by birds or lizards, and they sometimes fall from the tree in windy conditions or in tropical storms. Researchers working at the US Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute on Barro Colorado Island in the Panama canal have found the ants glide back to the tree by flipping in mid-air and gliding backwards, seeing where they are going by looking between their legs, and steering using their unusually long hind legs. The elongated rear legs of the centimeter-long ants also help them latch onto the tree when landing. Lateral (top) and dorsal (bottom) aspects of the terminal segments of the hindlegs of a Cephalotes atratus worker showing the laterally flattened first hind tarsomere. Scale bar = 1 mm. © 2010 PhysOrg.com Leader of the research team, Stephan Yanoviak of the University of Arkansas at Little Rock, said it was important for the ants to avoid falling to the leaf litter on the ground or into water because they would most likely be eaten. Their gliding abilities allow them to steer back to the tree (usually the tree they fell from), and then climb back up to the safety of the nests built into the branches and trunk at the top of the trees.The study also learned that if the ants are attacked by predators they release an alarm pheromone that warns nearby ants to jump off the tree to safety.Yanoviak said studying the ant’s control of its fall is relevant to understanding the behavior, and also the flight of insects generally. The study is published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society B. Play This video shows a control drop (to indicate a straight fall) followed by three different C. atratus workers. Ant #4 exhibits a typical controlled descent. It starts to head away from the tree, but then makes a quick 180-degree turn and glides to the trunk. Ant #5 makes a nice recovery from a tumbling fall. Ant #6 was caught by an unexpected breeze coming from the top right of the screen, but was able to adjust its descent in the form of a long curving glide that ends on the leeward side of the tree. Credit: Stephan Yanoviak. The scientists studied the ants by collecting some ants and painting them with white nail polish to make them easier to spot. They plucked one or two legs off some of the ants, then climbed to the top of the trees and dropped the ants from the treetops and videoed their fall. They then verified their findings in the laboratory, where they used a high-speed video camera. The results showed the ants could still glide back to the tree even if both rear legs were removed, but they were not able to steer as well. Intact ants were able to land on a tree trunk over 90 percent of the time; ants with the mid legs removed succeeded less than 70 percent of the time, but in those with hind legs removed the success rate was reduced to about 40 percent. Explore further More information: Aerial manoeuvrability in wingless gliding ants (Cephalotes atratus), Proceedings of the Royal Society B, Published online before print March 17, 2010, doi:10.1098/rspb.2010.0170 (PhysOrg.com) — The tree-dwelling tropical ants Cephalotes atratus build their nests in tall trees, but launch themselves into the air when threatened by predators. Scientists studying these wingless ants have discovered they use their rear legs as rudders to guide them back to the tree. PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Explore further In their search to find new ways to cram more electronics onto the same size chips, researchers have turned to FETs. Transistors on chips are the parts that control the flow of electricity—figuring out a way to make them smaller is a vital part of keeping Moore’s Law alive. One way to do this is to do away with wires and instead use nanowires. However, because of their small size, nanowires aren’t capable of carrying enough current to do the work necessary on a chip. To get around that, researchers have tried creating bundles of nanowires; but thus far, the gates to control them have been too unwieldy. In this new effort, the researchers tried a different approach.First they created a forest of 225 nanowires by etching a slab of silicon—the bottom half of each nanowire is submersed in a material that serves as a source. Just up from that base, the researchers applied a chromium layer wrapped all the way around the nanowire to serve as the gate. Above that was another layer of material that serves as the sink. This simple design allows each nanowire to be controlled by its individual gate, and the researchers report the thickness of the gate is what makes it all work. At 14nm, the gate can be made short enough to continue to allow for the control of the current. The result is a transistor that thus far appears to be a workable way for increasingly more circuitry to be added to a computer chip. More information: Vertical nanowire array-based field effect transistors for ultimate scaling, Nanoscale, 2013,5, 2437-2441. DOI: 10.1039/C3NR33738CAbstractNanowire-based field-effect transistors are among the most promising means of overcoming the limits of today’s planar silicon electronic devices, in part because of their suitability for gate-all-around architectures, which provide perfect electrostatic control and facilitate further reductions in “ultimate” transistor size while maintaining low leakage currents. However, an architecture combining a scalable and reproducible structure with good electrical performance has yet to be demonstrated. Here, we report a high performance field-effect transistor implemented on massively parallel dense vertical nanowire arrays with silicided source/drain contacts and scaled metallic gate length fabricated using a simple process. The proposed architecture offers several advantages including better immunity to short channel effects, reduction of device-to-device variability, and nanometer gate length patterning without the need for high-resolution lithography. These benefits are important in the large-scale manufacture of low-power transistors and memory devices.via IEEE Spectrum Journal information: Nanoscale (Phys.org) —Two French researchers, Guilhem Larrieu and Xiang‑Lei Han, may have succeeded in possibly setting back the date to which Moore’s Law would no longer apply by creating a new kind of nanowire Field-Effect Transistor (FET). In their paper published in the journal Nanoscale, the two describe how they built a “gate-all-around” made of 225 nanowires, each with its own 14nm-thick chromium layer that serves as a gate. Top surface topography of the low-k dielectric layer that covers the Si NW array using Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). Credit: Nanoscale, 2013,5, 2437-2441. Should the new design pan out, it won’t keep Moore’s Law alive forever, of course. One day, researchers will reach a point where it’s no longer possible—due to the laws of physics—to add more processing power to a computer chip. As such, new research will necessarily be focused on ways to build smarter computers using different ideas, rather than new materials. © 2013 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: New nanowire transistors may help keep Moore’s Law alive (2013, May 2) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2013-05-nanowire-transistors-law-alive.html Credit: Nanoscale, 2013,5, 2437-2441. New design reduces the areal footprint of nanowire transistors by a factor of two
Methane has been identified as a greenhouse gas, one that is perhaps more of a problem even than carbon dioxide because it traps more heat (some studies have suggested 25 times as much)—fortunately, not nearly as much of it is emitted by humans into the atmosphere. It makes its way into the atmosphere due to animal flatulence and some industrial processes. It is also a byproduct at gas wells, where it is generally burned.Methanol, on the other hand, has been considered a good alternative to gasoline for use in automobile engines. It is currently made using a variety of techniques and basic materials including coal, natural gas and even municipal waste. One approach is to use high-pressure and high-temperature oxidation of the gas, but most consider such methods too technically challenging to use in places such as drilling sites. In this new effort, the researchers describe a simpler way to make methanol using water (as an oxidant instead of oxygen) and methane.In their process, water is used to oxidize methane over a bed of copper containing zeolite—the unique structure of the mineral lets the water behave as an oxidant. The team claims the process is 97 percent efficient, emitting only methanol and hydrogen. The method, the researchers note, is simple and easy enough that it could be used at drilling sites and the resulting methanol could be used as a liquid fuel or as an ingredient in making resins or plastics. The hydrogen could be used in any number of ways, including in fuel cells.The researchers acknowledge that their work was a proof-of-concept study, which means that it is still not clear if their technique could be modified to convert methane on a very large scale in a cost-efficient manner. (Phys.org)—A team of researchers from the Paul Scherrer Institut and ETH Zurich, both in Switzerland, has developed a one-step process that uses water to convert methane to methanol. In their paper published in the journal Science, the group describes their technique, noting that in addition to offering a simple and relatively cheap way to make methanol, the only other byproduct is hydrogen. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: A way to use water to convert methane into methanol (2017, May 5) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2017-05-methane-methanol.html Using platinum-molybdenum carbide to catalytically release hydrogen to power a fuel cell © 2017 Phys.org Explore further Journal information: Science Ball and stick model of methane. Credit: Ben Mills/Public Domain More information: Vitaly L. Sushkevich et al. Selective anaerobic oxidation of methane enables direct synthesis of methanol, Science (2017). DOI: 10.1126/science.aam9035AbstractDirect functionalization of methane in natural gas remains a key challenge. We present a direct stepwise method for converting methane into methanol with high selectivity (~97%) over a copper-containing zeolite, based on partial oxidation with water. The activation in helium at 673 kelvin (K), followed by consecutive catalyst exposures to 7 bars of methane and then water at 473 K, consistently produced 0.204 mole of CH3OH per mole of copper in zeolite. Isotopic labeling confirmed water as the source of oxygen to regenerate the zeolite active centers and renders methanol desorption energetically favorable. On the basis of in situ x-ray absorption spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, and density functional theory calculations, we propose a mechanism involving methane oxidation at CuII oxide active centers, followed by CuI reoxidation by water with concurrent formation of hydrogen.
The scientists characterized optical traits of the cavity-coupled plasmonic system in the study and categorized them by geometrical features relative to the wavelength of incident light (λinc). To demonstrate this effect, two devices were primarily defined and simulated in the study led by the research group to operate in the MWIR and LWIR atmospheric transparency windows. The multispectral reflectance spectra of the respective surfaces were calculated as a function of the diameter of the hole using the FDTD method.When the incident light was considerably larger than the pattern, the system behaved as a metallic plane or mirror. As the incident light decreased, extraordinary light transmission occurred through the subwavelength hole-disk array, due to induced plasmon resonance, coupling the electromagnetic wave into the cavity. As the incident light became comparable to the array’s structural dimension, the system supported higher-order plasmonic and interference resonances due to the onset cavity-internal diffraction. Using the parameter study, Franklin et al. identified two possible routes to achieve infrared encoding; (i) the diameter of holes and (ii) the relief depth—while maintaining uniform visible absorption. When the cavity-coupled plasmonic system was excited at resonance, coherent interactions between photons and the free electron density within the metal produced collectively charged oscillations known as surface plasmons. High-density charge localization and microcurrents resulted from the interactions on the edges of the metallic elements, whose energy dissipated by ohmic loss. By varying the system’s parameters, the scientists encoded images on the surface within a desired spectral range, while these images did not appear visible within others. For example, an image encoded within the mid-wave infrared (MWIR) window, appeared as a grayscale image when viewed through a MWIR camera, although the appearance within the visible range and long-wave infrared (LWIR) regime remained a constant color. By varying the laser writing parameters (power and speed) of the master writing process, the scientists obtained a variety of hole diameters for the mid-wave infrared (MWIR) and long-wave infrared (LWIR) devices. Depending on the angle of incident light and viewing angle, when viewed by the eye or using a visible regime camera, the encoded surface appeared as a uniform block of color. Meanwhile the infrared camera showed the encoded grayscale images at a resolution depending on the surface plasmonics.The scientists conducted visible and infrared spectrometer measurements of the fabricated plasmonic systems. The infrared resonant surfaces were imaged using cameras designed for their respective bands of operation. A cooled indium antimonide detector was used to view the MWIR surfaces and an uncooled VOx microbolometer camera was used to view the LWIR surface. Dipolar coupling between the array of holes/disks and their interaction with optical cavity dictated the infrared response. Diffraction in to Fabry-Perot cavity modes dominated the visible regime. Grayscale images and data were encoded into the surfaces by mapping the diameter of holes of the plasmonic system to respective pixels. Top-view scanning electron microscope images of the hole diameters of the fabricated plasmonic systems, visible and infrared spectrometer measurements, and infrared images of the a–d) MWIR and e–h) LWIR devices. Solid lines for the reflectance spectra are measured values, whereas dotted lines are obtained by FDTD simulations. Line colors for the visible spectra are obtained from the CIE chromaticity matching functions. Credit: Light – Science & Applications, doi: 10.1038/s41377-018-0095-9. Infrared encoded data and images. a) Image of the Afghan Girl (Copyright Steve McCurry/Magnum Photos. Image rights granted by Magnum Photos New York) which is encoded into the plasmonic surface by mapping hole diameter to infrared grayscale. b) Visible camera (EOS Rebel T6i, Canon) and c) infrared image of the encoded MWIR surface taken with a cooled indium antimonide detector (A8300sc, FLIR). The MWIR Afghan Girl encode device is 1 × 0.75 mm2 in size. The same procedure is conducted for the LWIR domain and images to be encoded are d) that of Einstein and a QR code from the author’s website (http:/nanoscience.ucf.edu/chanda). e) A visible camera (EOS Rebel T6i, Canon) and f) LWIR infrared images taken with an uncooled VOx microbolometer camera (HD-1024, St. Johns Optical Systems). The Einstein encoded sample area is 1.25 × 1 mm2, and the QR code is 1 × 1 mm2. Credit: Light – Science & Applications, doi: 10.1038/s41377-018-0095-9. , Nature Communications Plasmonic materials can uniquely control the electromagnetic spectrum due to nano-scale surface architecture. Recent advances in nanotechnology and materials science and their combined capacity to develop controlled geometries at the nano-scale continue to evolve, as observed with optical properties of amplitude, phase and wave fronts for materials in optics. Although researchers have focused on individual frequencies and wavelengths, few studies have attempted to control fundamental properties across multiple electromagnetic frequency regimes. For instance, multispectral systems can establish new surfaces with combined functions, such as reflective multilayers that selectively absorb and emit infrared light in transparent atmospheric windows for thermal management. Similarly, plasmonic filters with tunable resonance can be used for multispectral color imaging. These concepts can be applied to achieve camouflage and anti-counterfeiting techniques. a) Schematic of the cavity-coupled plasmonic device consists of a backmirror, an imprinted array of holes in a polymer, and a second evaporation of gold to create disks and a perforated film. b) A false-colored scanning electron microscope image of the plasmonic system and a schematic with the various structural parameters. c) An encoded surface where pixel data are mapped to structural features of the plasmonic system. The spectral axis shows how the data can manifest in the desired wavelength range, as shown in the shortwave infrared window, whereas the surface remains uniform in other windows. Credit: Light – Science & Applications, doi: 10.1038/s41377-018-0095-9. Resonances in such systems occur as excited electric and magnetic multipole modes that depend on the geometries and dimensions of constituent materials due to inherent features of plasmon hybridization and plasmon-phonon-coupling. Such traits can be effectively used to engineer optical surface properties of a material. However, attempts to control structural parameters and accommodate a specific spectral regime can influence higher-order resonances in lower-wavelength ranges, resulting in a lack of independent control of optical character in specific spectral regions. In a recent study, a new device employed plasmonics to control a variety of wavelengths of light using a multilayer cavity-coupled nanostructured system. The plasmonic system maintained continuously tunable absorption throughout the mid-wave (3-5 µm) and long-wave (8-12 µm) infrared (MWIR and LWIR) atmospheric transparency windows, while maintaining near-invariant visible properties. The device was designed and developed by Daniel Franklin and colleagues in the Department of Physics and fabricated with a dielectric layer patterned with regularly-spaced nano-sized holes. By design, the nanostructures were sandwiched between a reflective metallic mirror and a thin upper gold layer with holes corresponding to the middle disc. Functionally, the spectral response of the multilayered cavity-coupled nanostructure depended on interactions among plasmonic resonances, diffraction and cavity feedback. The resonance mode of each regime was defined and explored using finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) numerical simulations. The parameters were identified and varied to create an experimental infrared (IR) color palette. Such images were made visible with IR cameras but were concealed in the visible domain by consistent pixel-to-pixel plasmonic absorption and diffraction. The study used a multispectral engineering setup to demonstrate cavity-induced plasmonics for applications in camouflage and anti-counterfeit technologies. The work is now published on Light: Science and Applications. Two systems are explored for operation in the mid wave infrared (MWIR) and long wave infrared (LWIR) transparency windows. a) Schematic of the plasmonic device designed for the MWIR and b) corresponding finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations of reflectance as a function of hole diameter. c) A schematic of the LWIR device and d) the equivalent FDTD sweep of hole diameters. Dotted black lines depict the infrared desired range of operation. Hole diameter can be used to sweep through these windows while keeping visible absorption invariant. Field profiles are presented at labeled wavelengths and hole diameters to illustrate the mechanisms behind the resonances in different spectral regimes. Credit: Light – Science & Applications, doi: 10.1038/s41377-018-0095-9. More information: Daniel Franklin et al. Covert infrared image encoding through imprinted plasmonic cavities, Light: Science & Applications (2018). DOI: 10.1038/s41377-018-0095-9 Jon W. Stewart et al. Toward Multispectral Imaging with Colloidal Metasurface Pixels, Advanced Materials (2016). DOI: 10.1002/adma.201602971 Debashis Chanda et al. Coupling of plasmonic and optical cavity modes in quasi-three-dimensional plasmonic crystals, Nature Communications (2011). DOI: 10.1038/ncomms1487 The scientists quantified diffraction efficiency in the study for the MWIR and LWIR devices as a function of hole diameter using FDTD. Results indicated that devices could be tuned for different wavelengths; primarily through the infrared transparency windows by modifying the hole/disk diameter and maintaining pixel-to-pixel brightness in the visible domain. The encoded information was not ‘invisible’ for different wavelengths, in contrast the dimensions of the plasmonic hole-disk system exceeded the diffraction limit of the visible light. Individual features were visible with high magnification objectives. The study combined ease of fabrication and compatibility on flexible substrates to engineer the device architecture. The results will lead to new plasmonic surfaces with multispectral functions to encode information. As a proof-of-principle, Franklin et al. encoded images and data onto material surfaces and observed them using infrared and visible cameras to demonstrate the potential of the cavity-coupled plasmonic system. In the technique, the scientists created a map between diameters of a given pixel and grayscale values of the surface to view through infrared camera imaging. The image was first encoded using direct laser writing onto a master template polymer that was used to fabricate the nanostructured surface using nanoimprint lithography (NIL). Before and after the NIL process the three-layered metallic cavities produced were imaged using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) for surface characterization. The spectral and order averaged diffraction efficiency of the first and second orders at normal incidence for a) the MWIR device and b) LWIR device. Efficiency is averaged over the visible spectral range of 400–800 nm. Black dotted lines indicate the range of diameters with a maximum deviation of 1%. Insets depict the respective devices and the degeneracy of the first diffracted order based on the symmetry of the array of holes. Credit: Light – Science & Applications, doi: 10.1038/s41377-018-0095-9. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Covert infrared image encoding—hiding in plasmonic sight (2018, December 3) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-12-covert-infrared-image-encodinghiding-plasmonic.html Journal information: Light: Science & Applications , Advanced Materials © 2018 Science X Network Phononic SEIRA—enhancing light-molecule interactions via crystal lattice vibrations Explore further
Kolkata: West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee today urged people to curb plastic pollution on the occasion of World Environment Day. “Today is World Environment Day. Following this year’s theme, let us pledge to beat plastic pollution. Let us pledge to make every day #WorldEnvironmentDay,” the CM tweeted this morning.India is the global host of 2018 World Environment Day celebrations. With “Beat Plastic Pollution” as the theme for this year’s edition, countries would be coming together to combat this particular environment concern. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe West Bengal Pollution Control Board (WBPCB) today organised a programme at its headquarters on this occasion.Speaking at the programme, Kalyan Rudra, the chairman of WBPCB, said people need to take “constructive steps” to end the menace of plastic pollution.”We must refrain from burning plastic openly. Also, people should stop littering plastic waste on roads, water bodies and sea beaches. Whenever you use plastic carry bags, ensure that the thickness is more than 50 microns,” he said. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedRudra also advocated segregation of plastic waste at source.”Local authorities, be it urban or rural, should provide bins for dropping recyclable waste,” he said, adding that pollution board was coordinating with several civic bodies in south Bengal on this issue.As per the 2015 Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) report, 3670 tonne of solid waste was generated in Kolkata every day, of which 425.72 tonne happened to be plastic waste, Rudra told reporters.”We must stop using disposable plastic bags (below 50 microns),” he said.At Alliance Francaise du Bengale, a paper-bag making workshop was arranged this morning for people of different age groups.”The workshop was aimed at making people aware of eco-friendly products,” a spokesman at the centre said.
Actor Salman Khan on Thursday joined the league of top Bollywood personalities in supporting the striking FTII students, who are facing rustication for opposing the appointment of TV actor Gajendra Chauhan as the chairman of the institute. Salman said the ‘Mahabharat’ star should pay heed to the students’ demand and step down from the post. The actor’s support comes a day after the institute warned the students to end the strike or face “strong administrative action, which may include rustication”. “I think that he (Chauhan) should listen to the students …because the students have made our industry, worthy industry…,” Khan said.The students have been agitating for more than a month, following Chauhan’s appointment, alleging that he lacks “vision and stature” to head the FTII. Rishi Kapoor, his son Ranbir Kapoor, Rajkummar Rao, Nawazuddin Siddiqui, Anupam Kher, filmmakers Kundan Shah, Aziz Mirza, Adoor Gopalakrishnan, Kiran Rao, , Sudhir Mishra, Sayeed Mirza, Resul Pookutty and Piyush Mishra have voiced their reservation.
Bollywood actor Alia Bhatt, who would be seen alongside Shah Rukh Khan in Karan Johar’s upcoming film, says working with the superstar would be a great learning opportunity for her.Johar has announced his next home production with Alia and SRK to be helmed by Gauri Shinde of English Vinglish fame.It is not clear yet if SRK and Alia would be romantically paired opposite each other in the film. The 22-year-old actor is very excited to share space with the ‘Om Shanti Om’ star. ‘I am very excited to be working with him (Shah Rukh Khan). He is the biggest superstar. It is a dream come true moment,’ Alia told a
In his latest literary feat, popular author Ruskin Bond has attempted to crack the code to what all human kind strives for – happiness. He has wrapped a handful of his own pithy observations and of great personalities he admires, in a pocket-sized anthology that is “a miscellany for all seasons, to cherish and to share.” For Bond, who has perennially sought happiness in the mountains and the trees that envelope his little hutment in Landour-Mussoorie, “Happiness means different things to different people.” “Rakesh is happy behind the wheel of his car; the last place where I would be happy, having once driven through a garden wall in Friends Colony in New Delhi,” he writes in the introduction to ‘A Little Book of Happiness,’ published by Speaking Tiger. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’It is perhaps the subjectivity of the emotion and mankind’s incessant search to attain it, that the 81-year-old author decided to give a piece of his mind and heart to his readers. He tells them what makes him happy – curling up with a P G Wodehouse or a Charles Dickens on a rainy day, completing a story or a poem.“I’m quite happy on a rainy day because then I can curl up on a sofa, visit Blandings Castle with P G Wodehouse, enjoy a village cricket match with Pickwick and his Dickensian friends, or go rowing on the Thames with Jerome K Jerome’s three men and a dog. As a writer I am also happy when I have completed a story or poem or essay and feel pleased with it,” he writes. Also Read – Leslie doing new comedy special with NetflixFeeling “pleased” is imperative, according to him. “Failed creations make me unhappy,” he writes. Bond’s first advice towards achieving happiness is, “To find happiness, look halfway between too little and too much,” It is followed by an African proverb that draws an analogy where, “Happiness is as good as food.” He goes on to tell his readers from his experience how for most of his life, he relied on his instinct rather than intelligence and found himself in a “modicum of happiness.” “Life hasn’t been a bed of roses. And yet, quite often, I’ve had roses out of season,” writes an optimistic Bond. The book is peppered with the words of wisdom by stalwarts from different walks of life – authors, political leaders, scientists. Some of them include – Jane Austen, Dalai Lama, Charlotte Bronte, Osho, Pablo Neruda, Sylvia Plath, Stephen Fry, Benjamin Franklin, Leo Tolstoy, Oscar Wilde, William Shakespeare, and Rumi among others.According to the author, who has written extensively for children, a sense of satisfaction obtained from the vocation one practises is indispensable, for it is also a source of happiness. The author seems to have consciously left a couple of empty pages titled “Notes” after every few entries, perhaps for the reader to jot down their own musings on happiness and add to the book.
The Pad Man promotions have seen at least over a 30 film celebrities posing with an open sanitary napkin as part of the #PadManChallenge to convey there’s nothing to be “ashamed” about something as “natural” as menstruation. But is it actually helping in breaking taboos surrounding the subject, or is it just another marketing gimmick? It’s Valentine’s Day week, but more than the Rose Day, Chocolate Day and the likes, it’s the #PadManChallenge that has taken social media by storm. The challenge comes close on the heels of the release of Pad Man. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfAmong the initial challengers was Akshay’s wife and author Twinkle Khanna. Holding a sanitary napkin high with her hands in a photo, she tweeted: “Yes, that’s a pad in my hand and there’s nothing to be ashamed about. It’s natural! Period. #PadManChallenge. Copy, paste this and challenge your friends to take a photo with a pad! Here I am challenging Aamir Khan, Shabana Azmi, Harsh Goenka.” They obliged.Soon, the digital platforms were flooded with photographs featuring Bollywood celebrities like Aamir Khan, Deepika Padukone, Karan Johar, Katrina Kaif, Akshay Kumar, Tiger Shroff, Riteish Deshmukh, Mahesh Bhatt, Ali Abbas Zafar, Purab Kohli, Neil Bhoopalam, Homi Adajania, Bhumi Pednekar, Vaani Kapoor, Atul Kasbekar, Amit Trivedi, Diana Penty, Huma Qureshi, Aditi Rao Hydari, Swara Bhasker, Dia Mirza, Ayushmann Khurrana, Arjun Kapoor, Varun Dhawan, Anushka Sharma, Sophie Choudry, Sonam Kapoor, Alia Bhatt, Anil Kapoor, Rajkummar Rao and Radhika Apte holding open pads in hands. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveAn empowering move?Comedienne Supriya Joshi doesn’t think so. “Hi guys, something amazing happened this morning. I got my period. As many of you know, I have PCOS, so to get your period is such an amazing feeling. I immediately ran to my sanitary napkin stash, but found I had run out of them.”She quipped via a social media post: “Instead, I saw my mom, dad, grandmother and my building’s secretary posing with them and taking pictures. I asked them what they are doing with my pads, and they said, ‘Shut up silly girl, we’re taking part in a movement that will change the course of history. We’re going to make periods a taboo a thing of the past! The Padman Challenge will empower women! Don’t forget to use the hashtag otherwise you’re not empowering anybody. “I felt so empowered and inspired and I wanted to do the challenge too, but at this time everyone had thrown away the opened pads and I continued to bleed through my clothing.”She took her own challenge by posting an image in which she holds up a notepad that reads: “Don’t waste sanitary napkins on stupid marketing gimmicks. Trust me guys it’s the best feeling to not have access to pads when you’re bleeding and the Pad Man challenge is all that is needed to destigmatise a woman’s period. Kudos to champion of all causes Akshay Kumar and his amazing marketing team for championing this cause.”Her sarcasm didn’t end there as she concluded her message with: “Pads are just selfie accessories any way!”Comedienne Mallika Dua also poked fun at the #PadManChallenge.In a series of Instagram stories, she wrote: “Always remember. Each time you feel weak, each time you feel lesser than your equals, each time you feel you’ve been made to feel lesser for no reason and that the fight has just about begun, when you feel society and the government have not given you your due, hold up a sanitary pad and post a picture of it on Instagram. You will feel empowered. So empowered. Bye.”One Twitter user wrote: “Sonam Kapoor is against her own film’s marketing gimmick. Hahahaa. PadManChallenge.” The user shared a tweet that was liked by Sonam. It read: “Cute how Bollywood celebrities start doing stupid trends like #PadManChallenge but automatically lose their spine when asked to take stand on ‘Padmaavat or when Swara was being slut shamed. Such hypocrites!”A Facebook user tired of the challenge, suggested: “If you really want to do something, buy a packet of pads and give it to someone who can not afford it. That will be the real #padmanchallenge.”Akshay has maintained that the film has sparked discussions about the subject, and “there will be a day when it will change”.Miss World Organisation CEO Julia Morley is here as part of a world tour led by Miss World 2017 Manushi Chhillar.”We should know that it’s no use when we can do a lot of talking and we don’t have the action. That’s what scares me. One has to put your money where your mouth is, and make sure it continues,” she said.